For example, the Interstate Mining Compact provides for the creation of a commission, with each state that is a party to the pact being represented by its governor on the Commission.  The Commission may only intervene at a meeting at which a majority of these Commissioners or their alternates are present, and any action taken is subject to the approval of a majority at the meeting. In addition, some specific measures, such as. B the adoption of certain recommendations relating to mining, the obtaining or transfer of funds, services or property must be approved by a majority of the votes of the Commission.  An intergovernmental pact is an agreement between two or more states of the United States, approved by the respective legislators of those states and approved by the U.S. Congress if the purpose of the pact so requires. Pacts that get congressional approval will become federal law. Covenants, as treaties between States, affect the rights and obligations of States parties (and their citizens); The U.S. Supreme Court has emphasized that the interests of non-partisan states could be a factor in deciding whether or not to approve Congress. A covenant usually contains provisions relating to its subject matter; the specific conditions relating to the subject matter of the Pact; in some cases, the establishment of an intergovernmental agency to manage the pact or any other management method; sources of funding; and other contractual terms, such as dispute settlement, enforcement, termination of the covenant or withdrawal of a member.
Many examples of pacts and intergovernmental authorities set up to manage them are available online. But there are important limitations on the extent to which federal laws and the federal government can intervene in the Länder. While intergovernmental covenants are binding treaties between states parties, pact treaties approved by Congress also become federal law. The Supreme Court ruled that a boundary between states, agreed in an intergovernmental pact approved by Congress, “is of binding force and eventually establishes the boundary between them, which functions with the same effect as a treaty between sovereign powers.”  In Cuyler v. Adams, according to the Tribunal, if Congress agrees to an intergovernmental pact and “the subject matter of that agreement is an appropriate subject for congressional legislation, congressional approval converts the agreement of the states into federal law under the Covenant clause.”  The U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circle clarified that the pacts approved by Congress, which do not threaten the preponderance of the Alliance, but deal with matters appropriate to congressional legislation, are still federal in nature, whereas such an agreement was not necessary.  According to the Constitution, the U.S. Supreme Court has initial jurisdiction over interstate litigation and the Court of Justice will apply intergovernmental treaties in accordance with the principles of contract law.  A written Constitution is the law that governs those who govern us.